Impactos potenciais da agricultura de precisão sobre a economia brasileira

Autores:

Cinthia Cabral da Costa – Embrapa

Joaquim José Martins Guilhoto – Universidade de São Paulo

Abstract: The aim of this study is to measure the potential impact in the Brazilian economy due to an increase in the use precision agriculture. Initially, it makes a literature review about the main advantages of using precision agriculture as compared to the tradition techniques. To estimate the potential impacts of the precision agriculture, first, it is defined the cultures which would most benefit from it, after which, and by using input-output techniques, the impacts over GDP and employment were estimated. The cultures analyzed were: sugarcane, corn and soybeans. It was observed that a scenario of a 10% increase in productivity of all these three crops, with or without reduction or increase in fertilizer, would result in an increased about R$ 11 billion in Brazilian GDP and more than 450.000 new jobs. A scenario in which only the use of fertilizers is reduced did not show any significant economic impacts, however, it should be stressed that this work did not take into consideration the positive environmental impacts which would result from the reduction in the use of fertilizers.

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