Social Policies, Personal and Regional Income Inequality in Brazil: an I-0 Analysis of the Bolsa Família Program

Authors:

Geoffrey J.D. Hewings – University of Illinois

Carlos R. Azzoni – University of São Paulo

Joaquim J.M. Guilhoto – University of São Paulo

Eduardo A. Haddad – University of São Paulo

Marco A. Laes – University of São Paulo

Guilherme R.C. Moreira – University of São Paulo

Abstract:The study presents a Leontief-Miyazawa model to study personal and regional income inequality in Brazil. The economy is divided into 31 sectors, in 5 macro regions; households are allocated into 10 income brackets. The study identifies the contribution of different sectors to inequality. The model is used to simulate the capacity of social policies to reduce personal and regional inequality in the country. The analysis is conducted using the pro-poor “Bolsa Família” program which is a social program that provides direct income transfers to poor (with per capita income between BRL 60,01 and BRL 120,00)and extreme poor households (with per capita income below BRL 60,00). The results show that in the short run, the “Bolsa Família” program has proven to produce positive results, both at the personal income level and at the regional concentration level, and has surely paid large dividends in electoral terms. Solving inequality problems, however, might need other mid and long run policies which could improve competitiveness of lagging regions.

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