Structural Analysis of Employment in the Brazilian Economy: 1996 and 2002 Compared



Joaquim José Martins Guilhoto – Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

Silvio Massaru Ichihara  –Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

Amorim Guerra Márcio –Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

Resumo: With the implementation, in 1994, of the Real plan in the Brazilian economy, and the consequent price stabilization, the analysis of structural aspects of the economy has gain in importance. Among these aspects, giving the needs for labor absorption in the economy, one of the main concerns relates to the question of employment. This paper deals with this by making an analysis of the changes in the employment in the Brazilian economy and relating these changes with the productive structure of the Brazilian economy between 1996 and 2002. To do it is made use of input-output matrices estimated for the Brazilian economy for these years and for 42 economic sectors, according to the methodology presented by Guilhoto and Sesso Fillho (2005). Through the use of these matrices, a series of indicators were estimated, which then, allowed to make an analysis of the structural aspects of the Brazilian economy and to relate if with the employment changes occurred in the period being considered.

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