The Importance of Tourism for the Brazilian Economy: An Input-Output Analysis

Autores:

Francismo Casimiro Filho – Universidade Federal do Ceará

Joaquim José Martins Guilhoto – Universidade de São Paulo

 

Resumo: This study is aimed to analyze the tourism contributions to the Brazilian economy by using a tourism input-output matrix constructed for the Brazilian economy by Casimiro Filho (2002) for the year of 1999. The analysis is conducted by using the traditional approach of the Hirschmann-Rasmussem backward and forward linkages as well as more recent theories, like the field of influence, and the pure linkage approach. The results allow the identification of key-sectors in the economy. Among the sectors classified as key ones, six are included into the tourism complex: a) schedule air transportation; b) nonscheduled air transportation; c) travel agencies; d) support activities for air transportation; e) accommodation; and f) food services and drinking places. In face of this, it is pointed out the importance of implementing policies and programs to promote the development of the tourism in the Brazilian economy.

 Palavras-chaves: Turismo, input-out, Brasil

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